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This lesson will explore the following topics:

Visual impairments can have a significant impact on the affected individual socially, vocationally, emotionally, and personally. Potential complications and sequelae of visual impairments will be addressed. Students will become familiar with the different types of accidents that result in eye injury, medical treatment and conditions with a potential for visual loss, and common terms used in ophthalmology. The student will be introduced to orientation and mobility training, independent living skills, and aids for independent function, all of which can minimize the impact that limitations resulting from a visual impairment may have on the affected person. A case example will be presented at the end of the lesson.

  • Understand life care planning issues for individuals with visual impairments
  • Learn the potential complications and sequelae associated with eye injuries
  • Be able to identify common ophthalmological terms
  • Describe the different types of accidental injury to the eye that result in visual impairments
  • Understand the personal, psychological, vocational, and social impact that eye injury has on the affected person
  • Define orientation and mobility training
  • Describe assistive technology and its applications for individuals with visual impairment
  • Understand the different types of assistive technology
  • Understand the impact that visual impairments have on independent living

Learning Activities

1. Listen to the following:

Audio lecture

Click Here for PDF notes of the lecture

2. Readings

3. Read

  • If you have Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook (2nd edition), pages 571-575 of Chapter 20: Life Care Planning for the Visually Impaired, or
  • If you have Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook (3rd edition)pages 702-705 of Chapter 20: Life Care Planning for the Visually Impaired

Visual impairment can have a significant personal, social, emotional, and vocational impact on an individual. In this chapter, the authors address the definitions, etiology, epidemiology, and outcomes of individuals with visual impairment.

  • If you have Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook (2nd edition), pages 575-589 of Chapter 20: Life Care Planning for the Visually Impaired
  • If you have Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook (3rd edition)pages 705-718 of Chapter 20: Life Care Planning for the Visually Impaired

This portion of Chapter 20 addresses aids to independent function and durable medical equipment for the visually impaired. Personal care services and homemaker services are addressed, and a case example is presented. A list of resources for equipment is provided at the end of the chapter.

4. Review

  • If you have Pediatric Life Care planning and Case Management, (Second Edition), pages 907-924 of Chapter 36: “Essential Concepts in Pediatric Assistive Technology”
  • If you have Pediatric Life Care planning and Case Management, (First Edition), Chapter 40: “The Child Who is Technologically Dependent”

This chapter is an excellent guide for inclusion of assistive technology in life care plans. The author, Thomas King explains assistive technology and describes the different components of assistive technology. Please review this chapter to make yourself more familiar with the applications of assistive technology.

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