Explain the issues that very young children with visual impairment may face.
Very young children with visual impairment face many special issues. The severity of the impairment, the type of visual loss the child has, and the age at which the child became visually impaired will all effect the child’s development. A young child who is visually impaired may be reluctant to explore his or her surroundings or environment and will miss many opportunities to learn. Because the child is unable to observe parents, siblings, or other individuals, they often are unable to understand social cues and nonverbal behavior. Thus, the child’s independence may be affected. A child with a visual impairment should be assessed early and receive age appropriate interventions. Once interventions have occurred, the child should begin to explore his or her surroundings.
For additional information, see Chapter 20: Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook.
Winkler and Weed. (2004). “Life Care Planning for the Visually Impaired.” In R. Weed (2004) Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook 2nd edition, (p. 574). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Winkler and Weed. (2009). “Life Care Planning for the Visually Impaired.” In R. Weed (2009) Life Care Planning and Case Management Handbook, (p. 704). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.